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Liver disease and its comorbidities

Liver disease doesn't always cause noticeable signs and symptoms. When they do occur, they may include:

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)

  • Abdominal pain and swelling

  • Swelling in the legs and ankles

  • Itchy skin

  • Dark urine color

  • Pale stool color

  • Chronic fatigue

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Loss of appetite

  • Tendency to bruise easily

Liver disease affects approximately 2 billion people. There are various types of liver disease, such as

  • Alcohol-related liver disease

  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

  • Hepatitis

  • Haemochromatosis

  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

Liver disease can result in several comorbidities. The most common comorbidities include:

  • Obesity

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

  • Metabolic syndrome

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)

  • Cardiovascular disease


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